The ownership and management of business is challenging, and keeping track of finances is one of the most obvious examples of those challenges. The specialized field that handles accounting for business is called financial accounting and provides individuals who are externally linked to that business with information on a company´s financial performance and position. This information is typically given to share or stockholders who want to piece together a value for that company based upon the information they have obtained.
It organizes the transactions of a company by writing down those transactions and creating a financial statement or financial report that summarizes the data in a balance sheet or income statement. These statements are then used by individuals externally to determine the value of a company. If the company is publicly traded, these financial statements will circulate wider, to customers, competitors and employees as well.
Management is given the task of spending business funds to help the business run economically and efficiently. Financial accounting statements can be used to assess management effectiveness by showing the spending of allotted resources and helping to assess whether management should be sent to work in another department or replaced altogether to increase the profitability of the company.
It’s important to note that it provides information to individuals who are trying to determine what a company´s worth is and it does not report that value on its own. These statements are provided to individuals who are external to a company and can circulate broadly, even reaching competitors of that company and other sources.
The FASB, or Financial Accounting Standards Board, is responsible for creating a standardized system of rules called accounting standards for financial accounting in the United States. These standards are important for financial accounting statements because so many people use these statements in so many different ways. These standards are known as generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Companies in the U.S. who also trade stock publicly also comply with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
This is important to stockholders and shareholders who are interested in determining the value of a company they are part owners of. Keeping track of this data helps a company to assess the value of their management and the resources they have allotted them to make their company run better, and financial statements help to determine the effectiveness of management for that company.